Universities can be a difficult location for Indigenous researchers who face a system that honours print more than oral traditions and rewards those who play it safe more than those who are honest in speaking the truth to power. Over time, Indigenous research can become more institutionalised and less connected to the communities who should benefit from this research, especially when colonialist narratives are replaced with others that are left unchallenged.
Over the last decade, Indigenous peoples and new social movements have produced the most profound and democratic transformation in the history of Latin America - the southern part of what Indigenous peoples call Abya Yala (the Americas). Some describe this moment as potentially post-capitalist and others as decolonial, suggesting the ways these changes challenge colonialism. Indigenous leaders like Bolivian President Evo Morales are contributing new ideas to solving global crises such as access to water and climate change.
The most important response to the post-war period changes in Central America, to the exhaustion of testimonio and to the hybrid contradictions of representation of the subaltern subject by the Mestizo letrado, is given by Maya literature. Maya literature is a notable effort because of both its bilingualism and its representation of a uniquely different gaze on the Americas as a whole. It is also a renaissance of one of the great cultures of the Americas.